Understanding Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation, or uneven skin pigmentation, is a condition where dark spots and patches appear on the skin, leading to an uneven complexion. This occurs due to an increase in melanin, the pigment that gives colour to the skin, hair, and eyes. Common triggers include sun exposure, hormonal influences, age, skin injuries, and inflammation.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

There are several types of hyperpigmentation, including:

  • Freckles: Often influenced by genetics, freckles are usually the first signs of sun damage, appearing after repeated sun exposure.
  • Solar Lentigines (Sun Spots, Age Spots, Liver Spots): These pigmented spots vary from light brown to black and can appear anywhere on the body due to UV rays. They need monitoring as they can potentially develop into skin cancer or melanoma.
  • Melasma: Typically caused by hormonal changes, often developing during pregnancy.
  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation or Hypopigmentation: Results from skin injury or inflammation, with acne being a common cause.

Causes of Hyperpigmentation Hyperpigmentation can be triggered by various factors, including:

  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills.
  • Chemotherapy side effects.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Excessive sun exposure.
  • Acne scarring.
  • Genetic predisposition, such as freckles.

Recommended Ingredients for Hyperpigmentation Effective skincare ingredients for managing hyperpigmentation include:

  • Antioxidants: Neutralise free radicals and block pigment production. Look for products rich in Vitamin C and Vitamin E, like those from Irene Forte Skincare.
  • Niacinamide (Vitamin B3): Slows pigment production, found in our Olive Eye Cream, which also contains a Penta-Phyto Complex to improve uneven skin tone.
  • Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs): Exfoliate dead skin cells, enhancing radiance and improving hyperpigmentation. Lemon Toner, Apricot Penta-Acid Polish, and Lavender Tetra-Acid Mask contain AHAs.
  • Polyhydroxy Acids (PHAs): Hydrate and brighten the skin while exfoliating. Found in the Apricot Penta-Acid Polish.
  • Azelaic Acid: Inhibits melanin production, present in the Lavender Tetra-Acid Mask.
  • Glutathione: A potent antioxidant that lightens dark spots and brightens skin, found in the Lavender Face Cream.
  • Hydroquinone and Retinoid: Effective for hyperpigmentation but should be prescribed by a dermatologist.

Recommended Skincare Regime To address hyperpigmentation, the following Irene Forte products can be used daily:

  1. Lavender Foam Cleanser: Contains brightening Rosemary Water.
  2. Lemon Toner: Features a triple blend of AHAs and clarifying Witch Hazel Water.
  3. Olive Eye Cream: Contains Niacinamide B3 and Penta-Phyto Complex.
  4. Serum of choice.
  5. Lavender Face Cream: Contains Glutathione and Rosemary Water.

For enhanced results, use the Apricot Penta-Acid Polish or Lavender Tetra-Acid Mask 1-3 times per week.

Most importantly, always use sunscreen daily.

Recommended Treatments for Hyperpigmentation

  • Microdermabrasion: Exfoliates skin using tiny particles, typically requiring three to six treatments.
  • Chemical Peels: Promote cell turnover to remove pigmented skin layers, effective with fruit acid, salicylic acid, or glycolic acid.
  • Laser Treatments: Suitable for deeper hyperpigmentation, using light beams to target and break down melanin.

Additional Tips Start hyperpigmentation treatments in the winter months to avoid sun exposure, making it easier to protect your skin during the process.